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甘肃省人民政府副省长泽巴足在“5·12”汶川特大地震恢复重建暨巨灾应对国际研讨会上的主题演讲
 2010年09月22日
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在“5·12”汶川特大地震恢复重建暨巨灾
应对国际研讨会上的主题演讲

甘肃省人民政府副省长  泽巴足
(2010年9月22日)

  尊敬的各位专家、各位领导,女士们、先生们:


  在“5·12”汶川特大地震灾后恢复重建任务即将完成、甘肃省“8?8”舟曲特大山洪泥石流灾害正在由抢险救灾转向灾后恢复重建之际,召开“5·12”汶川特大地震恢复重建暨巨灾应对国际研讨会,全面总结应对巨大自然灾害和灾后恢复重建的成功经验和做法,听取有关专家的意见和建议,对甘肃省更好地完成“5·12”汶川特大地震灾后恢复重建及开展舟曲抢险救灾和恢复重建具有重大的现实意义。


  2008年“5·12”汶川特大地震,甘肃灾区灾情仅次于四川,波及陇南、甘南等10个市(州)的70个县(区),其中8个县被国家列为重灾县,这次灾害给灾区各族人民群众生命财产造成了巨大损失。地震发生后,在党中央、国务院的坚强领导下,甘肃省委、省政府迅速反应、紧急动员全省上下,深入灾区抗震救灾,人民解放军和武警官兵以及各方面专业抢险救灾队伍全力施救,灾区各族群众奋起自救,社会各界倾力支援,迅速开展了生命救援行动和抢险救灾工作,及时打通灾区道路,恢复通讯,抢修受损电力、供水和其他基础设施,对嘉陵江堰塞湖和109隧道大火进行除险,受伤人员全部得到救治,受灾群众全部得到妥善安置,保证了受灾群众有饭吃、有衣穿、有干净水喝、有临时住所,夺取了抢险救灾的伟大胜利。


  灾后恢复重建工作开展以来,在国家的扶持和兄弟省区市、社会各界的大力帮助下,经过近两年的不懈努力,全省地震灾后恢复重建总体进展顺利,灾区农村居民住房维修和重建任务去年年底已全部完成,基层学校、医院等公用服务设施大部分已基本建成,基础设施、产业重建、农业生产等项目加快实施,本月底全省灾后恢复重建任务将基本完成。


  今年8月8日凌晨,甘肃省甘南藏族自治州舟曲县发生特大山洪泥石流灾害,灾情最重的三眼峪沟和罗家峪沟冲出的泥石流由北向南横穿县城,造成大量房屋被毁、人员伤亡,涌入白龙江形成的堰塞体使城区沿江地带被洪水淹没,县城道路、供水、供电、通讯等基础设施受损中断。此次灾害,灾情之重、伤亡人数之多、损失之巨、救灾难度之大在甘肃乃至全国都属罕见。面对突如其来的巨大自然灾害,党中央、国务院高度重视,迅速决策,胡锦涛总书记主持中央政治局常委会,研究部署舟曲特大山洪泥石流灾害抢险救灾工作,温家宝总理和回良玉副总理两次亲临舟曲灾区现场指挥抢险救灾,看望慰问各族干部群众和抢险救援人员。在党中央、国务院的正确领导和全国人民的大力支持、援助下,经过人民解放军、武警官兵、各方救援队伍和灾区各族人民不畏艰险,不怕疲劳,万众一心,科学应对,抢险救灾取得了重大的阶段性胜利。


  回顾两年多来汶川特大地震救灾和灾后重建以及当前的舟曲特大山洪泥石流抢险救灾工作,经验值得总结,教训必须吸取,启示非常难得。一是面对难以预料的巨大灾难,党中央、国务院和人民军队始终是我们的坚强后盾和依靠力量;二是主要领导靠前指挥,各级党委、政府行动迅速是生命救援、抢险救灾的第一要务;三是社会主义制度优越性和中华民族“众志成城、万众一心”,“一方有难、八方支援”传统美德的空前彰显是抢险救灾的重要保障。四是“以人为本”、“生命至上”是抢险救灾过程中始终坚持的第一原则。五是充分调动和发挥基层党组织的战斗堡垒作用和广大共产党员的先锋模范作用是有效开展抢险救灾和灾后重建工作的组织保证。六是组建一支训练有素、装备先进的专业救援队伍是提高抢救生命能力的关键。七是自然灾害防治必须常抓预测预报预警,科学防治,群防群治,及时排查消除灾害隐患是应对灾害威胁的重要措施。八是灾后重建工作必须尊重自然,科学规划,合理布局,才能有力、有序、有效进行。


  汶川抗震救灾与灾后重建举世瞩目,伟大的抗震救灾精神已成为我们党和人民极为宝贵的精神财富,汶川抗震救灾与灾后重建经验将是我们今后应对各种自然灾害和进行经济社会建设难得的借鉴。认真总结与思考抗灾救灾、灾后重建的经验完全必要和十分有益,便于我们今后进一步提高面对各种自然灾害威胁的应急能力和防灾减灾、灾后重建的管理水平。


  最后,借此机会,向关心支持甘肃省“5·12”地震和“8?8”舟曲特大山洪泥石流抗灾救灾和灾后重建的国家部委、兄弟省区市、各社会团体和国际社会表示感谢!希望通过这次研讨会,能够进一步总结抗震救灾、灾后重建的成功经验,研究探讨应对各种自然灾害更加有效的措施和办法,为今后抢险救灾、防灾减灾凝练经验。


  祝研讨会圆满成功!祝各位专家、各位领导身体健康,万事如意!


  谢谢大家!  

  
(Check Against Delivery)

  Remarks by Mr. Ze Bazu, Vice Governor of Gansu Province 
22nd Sept. 2010

  
Respected experts, leaders,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

  The seminar on Post “5·12” Wenchuan earthquake reconstruction and massive disaster relief was held amid the completion of the “5·12”Wenchuan earthquake reconstruction and the transition from disaster relief to reconstruction for “8?8” Zhouqu mudslides. It will offer an opportunity to sum up successful experiences and approaches in dealing with massive natural disaster and reconstruction, to share observations and suggestions from experts, which will be of great significance for Gansu province to do a good job in post “5·12” Wenchuan earthquake reconstruction and “8?8” Zhouqu mudslides relief and reconstruction. 

 

  “5·12” Wenchuan earthquake in 2008 hit 70 counties or districts in 10 cities or prefectures including Longnan and Gannan. Gansu only next to Sichuan is the most seriously affected province with its 8 counties listed by the state as the most seriously affected counties. The disaster caused severe life and property losses for people of all ethnic groups. Immediately after the shock, under the strong leadership of the central committee of the CPC and the State Council, Gansu provincial party committee and provincial government acted swiftly to deal with the sudden disaster, pooling resources from all quarters of the province and dispatching officials down to the disaster-hit areas. PLA, armed police and specialized relief team came to rescue. People in disaster areas helped themselves while assistance from outside poured in. Roads leading to the disaster areas were repaired, communication, power, water and other infrastructure facilities restored, the barrier lake in Jialingjiang River removed, big fire in 109 tunnel extinguished, all the hurt rushed to hospitals, and all people in disaster areas were properly relocated in places with reliable supply of food, clothes, clean water, makeshift shelter. With all this, we have scored great success in disaster relief. 


  Since the start of reconstruction, we have continued strong support from the central government, other provinces, regions, and social circles. Through our two years’ unremitting efforts, reconstruction proceeds smoothly. Repair and reconstruction of residential quarters in rural areas were completed last year. Construction for most public utilities such as schools and hospitals has been completed. Projects in infrastructure facilities, industrial reinvigoration, agricultural production are carried out at an accelerated rate and reconstruction will be basically completed.   At the midnight of 8th August this year, the mass of flood water, mud and rock hit Zhouqu County in Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Gansu province. Mudslides from the most seriously affected Sanyanyu and Luojiayu valley swept the county seat from north to south, smashed building, left people dead and clogged Bailong River, which spilled over its banks and submerged the areas along the river banks, thus damaging roads, water, power and communication systems. The disaster of this magnitude is rare in Gansu or even in China, in terms of its severity, casualty, property losses and difficulties involved in relief. Confronting this sudden natural disaster, the central committee of the CPC and the State Council paid great attention and acted immediately. President Hu Jingtao presided over the meeting for members of the Standing Committee of the Political Bureau to discuss and direct the relief work. For two times premier Wen Jiabao and vice premier Hui Liangyu visited Zhouqu to direct the relief work on the spot, to send greetings to officials of all ethnic groups and relief staff on the scene. Under and correct leadership of the central party committee and the State Council, and with the great support and assistance from people all over China, PLA, armed police, relief staff and people from the disaster areas spared no efforts to brave difficulties and risks in a scientific way and finally made substantial progress. 


  Looking back on what we did in Wenchuan earthquake relief, reconstruction and what we are currently doing in Zhouqu mudslides relief, we have accumulated really valuable experiences well worth summarizing and lessons learning. First, confronting the unpredictable serious natural disasters, it is the central committee of the CPC, the State Council and people’s army that have long acted as a staunching backing. Second, the leading officials rushedtched in with rescue efforts, party committee and government at various levels acted quickly and put life-saving and relief as the top priority. Third, the superiority of socialism and embodiment of traditional virtue of the Chinese nation- Union is strength and one in trouble, all to help-are the important guarantees for the success of our relief efforts. Fourth, We unswerving followed the principle of putting people first and put life-saving above everything else in every stage of our relief efforts. Fifth, the party organizations at grassroots levels played a vanguard role as an ef in relief and reconstruction efforts. Sixth, it is of vital importance to set up a well-trained and well-equipped professional relief team to build up life-saving capacity. Seventh, disaster prevention and precaution should be paid attention to all the time. Scientific prevention, mass involvement and timely elimination of hidden disasters are the important measures in dealing with menace of natural disasters. Eighth, we must respect nature and work out program scientifically to ensure an effective, efficient reconstruction in an orderly way.  Wenchuan earthquake relief and reconstruction commands the attention of the world. The spirits embodied in fighting against the earthquake have become the most valuable spiritual wealth of our party and people. Experiences accumulated in our relief efforts and reconstruction will go a long way in our fighting against various natural disasters and social and economic development in the years to come. It is well necessary to take stock of what we have learned in our fighting against disasters and reconstruction, which will help a lot in building up our capacity in emergency response, disaster prevention, reduction and reconstruction. In conclusion, I would like to avail myself of this opportunity to express my sincere thanks to ministries, provinces, non-government organizations and international communities, for their care and support for “5·12” earthquake “8?8” mudslides efforts. I hope this seminar will help us further draw on lesson from relief efforts and reconstructim relief efforts and reconstruction and explore effective approaches to deal with various natural disasters. 

 

  I wish the seminar a great success, all experts and leaders good health and the very best of luck.

  Thank you all.

 
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